Periodontal disease, commonly known as gum disease, is a form of inflammation varies from simple gingivitis to a more advanced form called periodontitis.
The latter included the invasion of the gum by plaque bacteria. The infection and the responsive body defence lead to the break down of the bone supporting the teeth and to gum recession leading to tooth loss.
There are many risks factors to gum disease including poor oral hygiene, smoking, family history of gum disease, poor nutrition and stress.
Gum disease has been associated with several other diseases, including heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.
Past research has found links between gum disease and different forms of cancer including oral and lung cancer, so researchers wondered if there were any links between gum disease and breast cancer.
A recent study published by the journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention has found that postmenopausal women with gum disease were more likely to develop breast cancer than postmenopausal women who didn’t have gum disease. If the women had a history of smoking, the risk of breast cancer was even higher.
The Women’s Health Initiative is looking for links between health, diet, lifestyle, and genetic factors and health problems, such as cancer.
Overall, the risk of breast cancer was 14% higher in women who had gum disease compared to women who didn’t have gum disease.
This link between gum disease and breast cancer can be caused by a number of possible reasons including: Bacteria in the mouth can flow into the blood stream going into the remaining parts of the body. Such repeated exposure to those bacteria can be a triggering factor. Inflammation in one part of the body, such as the gums, may have an impact on other diseases.
This new research adds to the understanding of just how serious periodontal disease can be and further the need to control gum inflammation.
Some of the signs of gum disease include:
bleeding gum, red swollen gum, loose teeth, receded gums and sensitive teeth.
Home care of regular brushing (at lease twice a day) and flossing will help keeping periodontal, gum disease, under control.
Should you are concerned about periodontal disease and how best to control such disease, please contact London Smile Care.