Sleep Apnoea is a sleep disorder due to breathing interruption while sleeping.
This interruption to breathing result in less blood supply to the brain and body while sleeping meaning less oxygen.
What are the signs and symptoms of sleep apnoea?
Load snoring is one the clean signs of this problem. The patients usually have interrupted sleeping pattern resulting in morning tiredness and headaches.
Other symptoms are Forgetfulness, mood changes, and insomnia
There are two types of sleep apnoea
Obstructive sleep apnoea usually caused by a blockage of the airway, usually when the soft tissue in the back of the throat collapses during sleep.
Central sleep apnoea this is less common and caused by the brain failing to signal the muscles to breathe, due to instability in the respiratory control centre.
What are the risk factors of sleep apnoea?
Risk factors for sleep apnoea includes overweight, 40+ male with family history of similar problem
However, this problem can affect anyone at any age, even children What Are the Effects of Sleep Apnoea?
Untreated sleep apnoea health risks including:
High blood pressure, diabetes, strokes and depression. It may also lead to heart problems including heart attacks.
In addition, untreated sleep apnoea can have dramatic effect on daily life and may be responsible for poor performance daily activities, such as at work and school
This condition is diagnosed by your doctor and special tests.
Treatment of Sleep Apnoea
- Lifestyle changes including weight loss, exercise, reduce alcohol consumption, smoking cessation and change sleeping position
- Dental Devices / Anti-snoring devices
The treatment of snoring or obstructive sleep apnoea with an oral appliance is safe, painless and effective. This treatment does not involve surgery, furthermore, it can change lives.The dental appliance is designed to keep the airway open during sleep
- Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)
In this treatment a machine delivering constant air flow is connected to a mask worn while sleep. This air flow helps keep the airways open so that breathing is regular.
Surgery can be considered in some cases to treatment sleep apnoea
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