Bleeding gum is NOT normal.Bleeding gums can happen for a number of reasons, from gingivitis to a side effect of pregnancy.
What is the cause of bleeding gums?
Plaque contains germs which attack the healthy tissue around the teeth. If plaque build-up occurs, gums become inflamed and irritated, which may cause them to bleed when brushing or flossing. This is called gingivitis and is the first stage of gum disease.
Gingivitis is usually a painless gum disease condition and bleeding gums may be the only sign. Some other signs may include swollen, red or tender gums. Bad breath and bad taste can are other symptoms to this condition
At this stage, gum disease can be treated and completely reversed. So, it is important not to ignore your bleeding gums.
If left untreated, bleeding gums and gingivitis can lead to a more serious form of gum disease called periodontitis. This may lead to lose teeth, change to the bite and eventually tooth loss.
Bleeding gums can also be caused by bleeding disorders, cancer, leukaemia, vitamin K deficiency, hormonal changes like in case of pregnancy and with some medications like the use of blood thinners. Gum disease has been linked to more serious conditions including diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and stress. Even men’s sexual health can be affected by gum disease.
Smokershave twice the risk for gum disease as compared to non-smokers. Treatments for gum disease are also less effective for those who regularly use tobacco.
Genetics: Some of us are just predisposed to get gum disease.
If you notice bleeding from your gums, it’s best to consult with your dentist or doctor to determine the cause.
Faulty and ill-fittingrestorations can create reservoir that harbours plague deposits leading to gum disease. It is important to check with our cosmetic dentist to replace those faulty restorations correcting this problem.
Bleeding gum & Dental Implants:
The gum around dental implants can also be susceptible to plaque deposits and mechanical irritation. At early stages of this problem a condition called peri-mucositis develop that manifest itself as bleeding and swollen gum. Once progressed, deep pockets, discharge and bone less loss may occur which diagnosed as a condition called peri-implantitis. This may eventually cause implant failure.
How Can I Get my Gums to Stop Bleeding?
There are many ways to help improve your oral health and help eliminate bleeding gums. Since bleeding gums are mainly due to inadequate plaque removal from the teeth at or around the gum line, starting an effective oral hygiene regimen is a great way to help treat and prevent gum bleeding. Remember to brush twice a day using a fluoride toothpaste. Floss at least once a day as well.
And of course, seeing our cosmetic specialist dentist on a regular basis – not just when you have a problem or concern – is also a must to keep your mouth in the best shape. It is recommended that you see our dental hygienist for professional teeth cleaning at least twice a year. This is particularly important with cases of dental implants. Remember those gum conditions are not painful!
Stop smoking and avoid tobacco products and maintain a Healthy Lifestyle: eating a balanced diet and avoiding between-meal snacking. Also, reducing stress from your life can help prevent gum disease.
Consider Your Medicine
Certain medicines also increase the likelihood that your gums will bleed. It’s possible for a prescription medication to cause gum bleeding. If that is the case, your doctor might prescribe a different dose or a different medication altogether. Always talk to your doctor if you think a medication is causing side effects, even if they seem mild.
If still on doubt, contact our clinic and arrange a visit with our specialist dentist or hygienist to answer any questions